Types of Spine Deformities – Lordosis, Kyphosis, Scoliosis Explained

January 22, 2020 0

Types of Spine Deformities

The spine is a very important part of the human body and performs a number of functions. For starters, it provides support and keeps the body upright, and it also provides a pathway for signals from other parts of the body to get to the brain, and much more. Just like other parts of the body, the spine is also prone to problems that may lead to deformities. These spine conditions arise from a number of reasons which include the deformities that are present at birth which is referred to as congenital, age-related degeneration, the effect from ailments such as tumors and other infections, and much more. The best spine surgeons in Gurgaon have been trained to handle these different kinds of spinal ailments and try as far as their skill allows them to restore the spine close to its natural state.

Spinal deformities cause the spine to appear misaligned or a bit exaggerated in specific areas when viewed from the back. Conditions associated with these deformities are lordosis, kyphosis, and scoliosis. Brain tumor doctors in Delhi, however, have also identified conditions like achondroplasia, spondylolisthesis, osteoporosis, and much more as the main causes of spinal curvature disorders.


The best spine surgeon in Gurgaon also refers to this deformity as swayback. People who suffer from this condition have their lower back significantly curved in. Lordosis is caused by factors such as weakened muscles which may cause muscle imbalance in the back, congenital deformities, technical factors such as improper lifts when dancing, and much more.


This deformity manifests itself in a number of ways. However, it can generally be described as a characteristic abnormal curvature of the upper back at an angle of more than 50 degrees. The most common causes of kyphosis include a vertebral fracture due to osteoporosis, congenital kyphosis, degenerative kyphosis, neuromuscular kyphosis, and much more.


This is described as a sideways curvature of the spine to form either a C-shape or an S-shape. Scoliosis has a number of risk factors like age and sex. However, according to the best spine surgeons in Gurgaon, it can be caused by conditions such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy. Birth defects, as well as other injuries to the spine, are considered as the main causes of scoliosis.

Diagnosis of these different types of spinal deformities can be done by care physicians, chiropractors, as well as other spine specialists through a physical exam, and other diagnostic imaging such as an X-ray or an MRI scan. At Spine and Brain India hospital, the spine specialists handle the diagnosis phase very seriously because it gives them the much-needed insight on the most appropriate treatment option to employ. Non-surgical treatment options such as the use of pain medication, exercise, as well as physical therapy are sufficient in handling specific conditions. These options, when employed appropriately are very helpful with pain. However, surgical correction is also a very valid treatment option. Certain types of spinal deformities such as osteoporosis-related kyphosis require a surgical treatment option in order to repair the fracture.

Spine and Brain India hospital provide expert care for all spinal deformities. The facility has put in place measures that ensure all the patients that come to them with a spinal injury, congenital deformity, and much more, receive the attention they need that would ensure they resume their normal day to day routine with ease. The facility has invested in state-of-the-art equipment which has set them apart from other hospitals and enabled them to handle more complex spinal disorders. In addition, the hospital has a number of competent spine surgeons who work relentlessly to ensure the best of results are attained.

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About Dr. Arun Saroha

Dr.Arun Saroha is working as Neurosurgeon with a special interest in spine surgery for the last 15 years. He specializes in Neuro-oncology, Paediatric Neurosurgery, Neurotrauma, Stroke & Cerebrovascular surgery including Transnasal surgeries. He has also been performing instrumented/ Non-instrumentation spine surgeries, including minimally invasive spine surgeries. He has performed more than 6,000 Neurosurgeries (Spine and Brain) successfully till date with patients from all over the world.

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